Shelters- Zoey cama 6R

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A ww2 family getting ready to use their anderson shelter

Why were shelters built?

Shelters were made to keep people safe from invations or bomb drops. At night most people were prepared for air raids, whilst others weren't. Most members of the public got tired of walking back and forth to the bomb shelters, so they decided to forget it and stay in their homes. As a result many people suffered,were injured, and killed.


What kind of shelters were there?

There were different kinds of shelters, some big,small,wide, thin aboveground or underground; there were so many types, here are some now...

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Families in their underground shelter.


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An Anderson shelter from ww2

What other places were shelters?

In 1940 the government realised that shelters above ground level didn't have enough protection from bomb drops, hense them starting to use underground shelters. One night over 177 000 people slept in their underground shelters.

Where else were war shelters?

As well as Britain, France had thousands of shelters filling their cities. In both countries over two thousand shelters were used every night!

Anderson Shelters:

One shelter that stands out was the Anderson shelter, it was designed to be built half on ground and the other half underground. It was made like this to protect people from bomb attacks because of all the earth around it. They were made from corrugatted iron sheets, and steel plates at either end of the shelter.The government handed out anderson shelters to people who made below £5 each week.In September 1939 almost two million anderson shelters were put up in gardens.

Morrison Shelters:

The Morrison Shelter was first invented in March 1941. The shelter was made from heavy steel. People sheltered underneath it during an air raid. The shelter was named after the Minister for Home Security. Mr. Herbert Morrison.


Sources:

http://woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk/Homework/war/shelters.htm

http://www.wikipedia.org/