Home front-Nicole Sumanasekera 6R


What was home front?
In world war 2 people felt that they were a part of the war. As they were in World War 2 it effected everyone around weather they were in the front line (europe ) or in the home front (back in britain). Everybody did not go to fight because they were either too young or too old. In someway or the other lots of people helped in the 'war effort'.


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These Gas Masks were used in
World War 2

Did people protect themselves during war?

People had to keep themselves safe from any bombs dropping during air raids and chances of the Germans invading Britain. Children and some women whould have been transfered to the countryside. People also carried gas masks to protect themselves. As well as that they built air raid shelters. Windows and doors were blacked out.
Home Front Timeline
24th August 1938
Parliament passes the emergancy powers.
26th August 1938
Gas masks were issued to civilians in Britain.
29th September 1938
Nevil Chamberlain and Adolf Hitler signed the Munich agreement.
1st December 1938
Britain launched a national register for war service.
1st September 1939
Britain begins their evacuation plans.
3rd September 1939
Nevil Chamberlain states that there will be a war in Germany.
3rd September 1939
Parliment passes national services.
7th September 1939
Britain introduces national identity cards.
28th September 1939
Meat rationing starts in Britain.
7th January 1940
Rationing basic food items is established in Britain.
14th February 1940
Government of Britain calls for people to help with fighting.
09th May 1940
Conscription in Britain extended to 36 years of age.
10th May 1940
Winston Churchill becomes the new prime minister.
14th May 1940
the local defence volunteers (dads army) was created.

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Fires were starting to come in at times in the night.


Children and evacuation during WW2


Children who were in World War 2 were assembled to the school playground. They all had to wear name tags as well as carrying gas masks and their belongings. As soon as they said goodbye to their parents, they were all put on to a train or a coach. When they reced their destination they met the people who housed them.



Rationing was also a part of Home Front!

Rationing was a big part of the home front as all people needed food to survive
look at the table below as to what they needed for that time of period:
One persons weekly food allowance:
  • 4oz (113g) = lard or butter
  • 12oz (340g) = sugar
  • 4oz (113g) = bacon
  • 2= eggs
  • 6oz (170g)= meat
  • 2oz (57g)= tea
People were only allowed that weekly and only had little food at one time. Vegtables were not really sold in rationing stores but people with gardenss were allowed to grow vegtables as then they wont have to pay a rationing ticket. They used dry egg powder to make scrambled eggs in the morning afternoon and evening.
References:
www.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.ukwww.google.comwww.google.com/imageshttp://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/primaryhistory/world_war2/
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People could get food with ration cards.